Table 5.

Specific genetics concepts integrated into curricula without a formal genetics course

TopicMean (standard deviation)MinimumMaximumNumber*
*Number of schools providing hours of class time for each topic:
1Only 38 schools provided an amount of class time and were, therefore, included in the calculation of the mean; 226 schools; 331 schools; 416 schools; 519 schools; 619 schools; 718 schools; 812 schools; 922 schools; 1027 schools; 1133 schools; 1210 schools; 1312 schools; 1427 schools.
Molecular Biology8.00 (7.55)140401
Cytogenetics2.07 (2.22)0.511282
Inheritance Patterns2.32 (3.51)0.520323
Pedigree Symbols1.16 (0.78)0.252.57174
Methods1.90 (0.78)0.53215
Mapping1.46 (1.71)0.18216
Ethics, Social, Legal Issues1.25 (0.60)0.53197
Pharmacogenetics1.15 (0.61)0.252158
Intervention (Treatment)1.86 (1.56)0.256249
Diagnostics2.14 (2.23)0.5102910
Growth and Development4.19 (4.04)1163411
Genetic Counseling1.31 (0.85)0.531112
Population Genetics1.73 (1.60)0.561313
Orofacial Applications3.50 (4.68)1253114
Total Hours21.94 (21.66)0.7512145