Table 5.

Odds ratios from logistic regression models

Positive ExperienceIncreased Ability to Provide Care
*p<0.05,**p<0.001
School level fixed effects have been controlled for by the addition of school dummy variables in the regression; these dummy variables are not shown.
Individual level
Age0.991.01
Gender
    Female--
    Male0.980.97
Race/ethnicity
    Native American, Black, or Hispanic1.311.14
    Asian or Pacific Islander0.76*0.84
    White, Non-Hispanic--
Service orientation reason for joining dentistry0.981.06*
Dentist parent(s)
    No--
    Yes0.970.99
Marital status
    No--
    Yes1.051.07
Total educational debt1.001.00
Socially conscious attitudes
    Quartile 1 (least socially conscious)--
    Quartile 21.41**1.12
    Quartile 31.99**1.97**
    Quartile 4 (most socially conscious)2.11**1.60**
School Level: Structural
Pipeline status of school
    California Pipeline4.21*10.4**
    National Pipeline1.3312.1**
    Non-Pipeline--
School Level: Process
Weeks spent in extramural rotations
1–2 weeks0.75**0.65**
3–5 weeks1.001.05
6 or more--
Time spent in extramural clinics was...
    Inadequate1.130.98
    Appropriate--
    Excessive0.31**0.64**
Perception of time devoted to instruction0.980.98