Table 4.

Descriptive results of students who reported that the extramural rotations improved their ability to care for diverse populations vs. those who said that it did not

Ability to provide care (% or mean)
Not improved (n=1892)Improved (n=1040)
aDenotes the values are means.
Individual level
    Native American, Black, or Hispanic55.1%44.9%
    Asian or Pacific Islander67%33%
    White, Non-Hispanic64.9%35.1%
Service orientation reason for joining dentistry**9.8a10.2a
Dentist parent(s)
Marital status
Total educational debt$118,762a$116,009a
Socially conscious attitudes**
    Quartile 1 (least socially conscious)70.1%29.9%
    Quartile 267.2%32.8%
    Quartile 353.4%46.6%
    Quartile 4 (most socially conscious)57.3%42.7%
School Level: Structural
Pipeline status of school
    California Pipeline59.8%40.2%
    National Pipeline63.7%36.3%
School Level: Process
Weeks spent in extramural rotations**
    1–2 weeks72.4%27.6%
    3–5 weeks58.4%41.6%
    6 or more62.8%37.2%
Time spent in extramural clinics was..*
Perception of time devoted to instruction*−1.11a−1.43a