Table 6

Correlations between educational indices and leadership-related indices

IndexAgePredoctoral Leadership EducationaClinical Experiences Preparing for
Dental PracticeaLeadership Rolesa
Education-related experiences indicesa
 Predoctoral leadership education−0.48**0.28**0.42**
 Clinical experiences: dental practice−0.040.28**0.58**
 Clinical experiences: leadership roles−0.13**0.42**0.58**
Indicators of leadership indicesb
 Recognition−0.16**0.17**0.25**0.23**
 Practice mindset−0.26**0.29**0.060.16**
 Community−0.050.130.19*0.14
 Organized dentistry−0.040.15**0.11*0.21**
 Academics−0.040.18**0.14**0.19**
Leadership-related attitudes indicesc
 General views on leadership−0.26**0.41**0.27**0.45**
 Views on practice efficiency−0.20**0.21**0.31**0.29**
  • a See Table 3 for wording of items used to create these indices.

  • b See Table 4 for wording of items used to create these indices.

  • c See Table 5 for wording of items used to create these indices.

  • * p<0.01;

  • ** p<0.001