Table 3.

Bivariate associations between preparedness to care for racially and culturally diverse groups, dental school characteristics, and individual-level characteristics

Categories of Outcome (n)Prepared (3067)Not Prepared (460)P-value1
1Only p-values <.05 are reported.
Data sources: 2U.S. Census Bureau 2000; 3ADA survey of predoctoral dental education; 4categories designated by national evaluation team and national program office for the Pipeline initiative, 2003; 5mission statements of the fifty-six U.S. accredited dental schools, retrieved July 2004; 6ADEA survey of dental school seniors.
Contextual Variables
Mean percent URM in county23535
Mean percent FPL <200%23233
Type of school (%)3
    Public (n=1607)8713
    Private (n=1920)8713
Pipeline status (%)4
    CA Pipeline (n=472)9010P=.0023
    National Pipeline (n=573)8317
    Non-Pipeline (n=2482)8713
Commitment to recruit URM (%)5
    Yes (n=906)8911
    No (n=2621)8614
Commitment to care for URM (%)5
    Yes (n=791)8713
    No (n=2736)8713
Mean total percent URM in school31111
Total cost for first year ($)6$30,693$30,725
Mean score: school environment promotes acceptance and respect63.233.20P=.0009
Mean number of weeks at extramural rotation66.66.6
Student Variables
    Male (n=2084)8812
    Female (n=1441)8614
    29 years and up (n=1069)8515P=.0427
    <29 years (n=2412)8812
Race (ref: white)
    URM (n=352)8416P=<.0001
    Asian/PI (n=883)8317
    White (n=2214)8911
Marital status
    Married (n=1510)8812
    Not married (n=2011)8614
Parents’ income
    0–$30,000 (n=502)8416
    $30,000–$50,000 (n=460)8713
    >$50,000 (n=2530)8812
Parents’ education
    Neither parent has a college degree (n=547)8614
    At least one parent has a degree (n=2942)8713
Educational debt upon graduation
    $168,000–$350,000 (n=861)8614
    $120,000–$167,000 (n=904)8911
    $70,000–$119,000 (n=869)8713
    <$70,000 (n=842)8713
Service Orientation Scale3.33.3
Entrepreneurial Scale4.24.3
Socially Conscious Scale2.93.0