Table 4.

Preparedness to care for racially and culturally diverse groups as a function of contextual and student characteristics

Contextual and Student Characteristics
Contextual VariablesOR95% CI
Note: Generalized estimating equation (GEE) regression models were used.
*p<.05; **p<.01; ***p<.001
Pipeline Status (ref: Non-Pipeline)
    California Pipeline1.71**1.21–2.43
    National Pipeline0.750.55–1.02
Mean score: school environment promotes acceptance and respect2.91**1.36–6.22
Student Variables
Gender male (ref: female)1.170.92–1.49
Age group (29 years and older)0.810.62–1.04
Race (ref: white)
    URM0.69*0.50–0.96
    Asian/PI0.64**0.47–0.86
Married (ref: not married)1.190.97–1.46
Parents’ income (ref: >$50,000)
    0–$30,0000.740.51–1.06
    $30,000–$50,0001.010.72–1.43
Neither parent has a college degree (ref: at least one parent has a degree)1.040.81–1.34
Educational debt upon graduation (ref: <$70,000)
    $168,000–$350,0000.840.64–1.10
    $120,000–$167,0001.050.73–1.51
    $70,000–$119,0000.870.65–1.15
Service Orientation Scale1.050.92–1.20
Entrepreneurial Scale0.990.82–1.18
Socially Conscious Scale1.160.97–1.38
Wald [P–value]65.78***