Table 1.

Didactic components of an implant curriculum and related objectives

Anatomy of the Edentulous Patient
  • Identify the anatomical landmarks of the edentulous maxillary and mandibular jaws.

  • Identify hard and soft tissue areas that require pre-prosthetic surgery prior to fabrication of complete dentures.

  • Analyze the adequacy of patient’s complete denture for use as an overdenture.

  • Analyze the amount of space available for placement of implants for overdentures both radiographically and intraorally.

  • Identify medical conditions that require attention prior to implant surgery.

Biology and Histology of Osseointegration
  • Describe osseointegration.

  • Define the biological width associated with implants versus natural teeth.

  • Define the basic biological processes leading to successful integration.

  • Understand the histological processes and appearance at the implant-tissue interface.

  • Identify factors that can lead to implant failure.

Biomaterials of Osseointegration
  • Describe the history and development of dental implants.

  • List different biomaterials used in implant dentistry.

  • Understand basic principles of biomechanics.

  • Describe the problems associated with edentulism—partial and complete.

  • Identify the different categories of dental implants.

  • Discuss the current status of and trends in implant dentistry.

  • Identify the different types of implant surface.

Diagnostic and Treatment Planning for Fixed/Removable/Implants
Given the information related to the chart, radiographs, diagnostic findings, periodontal findings, clinical assessment, patient’s needs, patient’s attitudes, and cost factors, the student will be able to
  • Formulate a treatment plan, discuss alternate treatment plan, discuss a prognosis based upon all the diagnostic findings, organize the chart, and be familiar with clinical paperwork.

  • Differentiate between the removable partial denture, a fixed partial denture, and implants; properly select the most appropriate prosthesis for the patient.

  • Determine a prognosis of selected treatment plan based upon all the diagnostic findings.

Selection of Patients for Implant Dentistry
Given the various treatment planning techniques available, the student should be able to
  • Accurately discuss the basis for proper patient selection for dental implants.

  • List available pre-prosthetic treatment for surgical site development for implant dentistry.

  • Discuss patient educational components prior to implant placement.

Single-Unit Implant Restorations
  • Define and describe osseointegration, and understand the biology and physiology of bone.

  • Identify various implant impression copings and components.

  • Recognize the indications for single-unit implants in fixed prosthodontics, and determine clinical indications and contra indications accurately.

  • Understand the indications for prefabricated implant abutment and custom abutments for single-unit restoration.

Treatment Option for Edentulous Patients: Implant-Retained Overdenture
Given the various treatment options for the completely edentulous ridge to improve retention of denture, to preserve bone, and to improve the quality of life, the student will be able to appropriately select an optimal treatment option for the edentulous patient.
Surgical Procedures, Stages I and II
Given the surgical principles needed for osseointegration, the student will be able to
  • Describe the significance of CT, radiographic assessment, and radiographic and surgical templates.

  • List specific armamentarium for Stage I and Stage II surgeries.

  • Identify the basis of minimally traumatic surgical techniques.

Prosthodontic Procedures in Implant Dentistry
Given the specific techniques of implant prosthodontics, the student will be able to
  • List the specific prosthetic components and their indications for usage.

  • List the fundamental armamentariums used in the prosthetic phase of implant dentistry.

  • Accurately describe various laboratory and clinical procedures (to include provisional restorations).

  • Describe the most common dental materials used in implant prostheses.

  • List maintenance procedures following completion of implant treatment.

Periodontal Aspects of Implant Dentistry
Given the unique properties needed for implant maintenance, the student will be able to
  • List current concepts in diagnosing and treating peri-implantitis.

  • List corrective procedures following completion of implant treatment.

  • List maintenance procedures following completion of implant treatment.

Implant Complications and Maintenance
Given the information on implants, complications and maintenance of implants and soft tissues are discussed.