Table 1.

Survey items (twenty-eight items, given as both post- and retrospective pretest)*

*Students rated all items on a scale from 1=strongly disagree to 5=strongly agree.
  1. People who miss appointments and ignore health recommendations do not have a right to continued health care.

  2. Families from different cultures will have different expectations of their children for acquiring oral hygiene and other self-help skills.

  3. A patient’s cultural background/beliefs will influence the creation and development of his/her dental treatment plan.

  4. The quality of the dental services performed is generally lower for patients of a low socioeconomic status.

  5. Approaches to oral health care, such as altering hygiene and diet, are influenced by the culture of the individual.

  6. I respect the decisions of my patients when they are influenced by their culture, even when I disagree.

  7. If I need more information about the patient’s culture, I would feel comfortable asking the patient or family member.

  8. If I need more information about the patient’s culture, I would feel comfortable asking other health professional colleagues.

  9. I feel somewhat uncomfortable working with the families of patients from cultural backgrounds different from my own.

  10. I feel confident interacting with people of different ethnic/racial/cultural backgrounds.

  11. For family members who speak languages and dialects other than English, I attempt to learn and use key words in their language so that I am better able to communicate with them during assessment and treatment.

  12. I will attempt to determine any familial colloquialisms used by children and families that may impact on assessment, treatment, or other interventions.

  13. Communication is a critical skill needed for clinical success.

  14. A patient’s circumstances (socioeconomic status) should not detract from the quality of the services performed.

  15. A dentist’s interpersonal skills are important in providing clinical success.

  16. Working with different cultures has influenced my view of private practice.

  17. I empathize with people who are disabled.

  18. I picture myself clinically aiding people with behavioral and developmental disabilities.

  19. Disregarding legal mandates, I picture myself clinically treating people who have AIDS.

  20. After graduation, I will choose to take Continuing Education courses regarding the treatment of individuals with disabilities.

  21. An important office protocol is to maintain collaboration with a variety of health care professionals within the community.

  22. I picture myself volunteering my dental services to members of the community.

  23. Dentists should reserve a percentage of their office time to treat low-income families.

  24. Disregarding legal mandates, dentists have an obligation to do community service.

  25. A dentist should generally limit his/her volunteerism to those activities within the field of dentistry.

  26. Given the choice, I see no reason to volunteer my clinical services if other dentists in my community are available to treat AIDS patients.

  27. Community service helps me prepare for my role as a dentist.

  28. I picture myself volunteering time away from my practice for performing a variety of community services.