Table 3.

Emergent categories of student perceptions with representative themes

Educational Preparation
   No past experience
   Never been asked to do before
   Lack of ownership
Orientation
   Need direction
   Not important
   Waste of time
Awareness
   Focus on negative
   Not safe
   Constructivism
   Critical thinking and problem-solving
Value
   Sense of accomplishment
   Competence and validation
   Value in profession