Table 1

Definition of key terms used in study

TermDefinitionExample
LearningAcquiring new conceptsReading an article on “How to Write a Program Plan”
ApplicationUsing new knowledge in a realistic settingWriting a program plan
ReflectionCritical self-assessment of learningWriting about one’s ability to “Assess, plan, implement, and evaluate community-based oral health programs” (program competency 5-4)
Meta-reflectionReviewing reflections and reassessing self, based on the content of the original reflectionsRereading all reflections and writing a summary of growth over the course of the entire program
ConfidencePerceiving oneself to be competentStating in a focus group: “I was able to take everything we’d learned from earlier courses, and I knew how to do it all without having to ask”