Table 5

Emergent themes from faculty members regarding attributes of the developed case studies that are expected to increase or decrease the likelihood of adoption

AttributeCharacteristics Pertaining to Faculty UseCharacteristics Pertaining to Student Use
Relative advantage
  • + Provides information and resources not available elsewhere

  • + Enhances current didactic lectures

  • + Comprehensive and standardized

  • + Active learning

  • + Increases critical thinking skills

  • + Realistic modeling of patient communication regarding sensitive topics

  • + Self-paced

  • + Would fit in a variety of courses within curricula

  • + Consistent with practice protocol regarding sensitive oral-systemic health issues

  • + Similar to practice materials for national board exams

  • + Online format is what many students desire

  • + Easy to access and use

  • − Need to improve usability in a couple of areas

  • + Easy to access and navigate

  • + Students can submit “Certificate of Completion”

  • − Can’t be certain student took time to read everything

  • − May want to also give in-class quiz

  • + Questions provide immediate feedback regarding correct/incorrect response

  • − Some may prefer more feedback about why answer is incorrect

  • + Clear way to demonstrate treatment protocols

  • + Save class time by assigning case as homework

  • + Average time for completion was ½ hour (most faculty said length was appropriate for students)

  • + Multiple ways of incorporating cases in and out of class

  • + Use cases to introduce other sensitive oral-systemic health issues

  • − Limitations to modifiability

  • Note: Listed characteristics are based on results from interviews and surveys of dental and dental hygiene faculty members conducted in Phase 2 of the current study.

  • + refers to positive attributes of the case studies that are expected to increase the likelihood of adoption

  • − refers to negative attributes of the case studies that are expected to decrease the likelihood of adoption