Table 2

Participants’ correct responses to HIV/AIDS knowledge questions before and after CBDE rotation, by percentage of total respondents (N=305)

QuestionPre-RotationPost-Rotation
1k.Saliva is a vehicle for the transmission of HIV.*77.4%81.3%
2k.All patients should be considered potentially infectious.**98.0%99.3%
3k.Standard universal precautions provide minimal protection against the transmission of HIV and other bloodborne pathogens.***68.5%65.6%
4k.Oral lesions found in patients with HIV may also be found in other immune-compromised patients.***97.4%98.0%
5k.The risk of HIV infection after a needle stick injury involving an HIV-positive patient is about 45–50%.78.4%78.4%
6k.Hepatitis C is more infectious than is HIV/AIDS as a bloodborne pathogen.****87.5%94.4%
7k.The decision whether or not to prescribe antibiotic prophylaxis to HIV-positive patients prior to invasive dental care is best determined by the patient’s CD4 count and viral load.*18.7%25.2%
8k.The normal CD4 range for a healthy person is 300–500 mm3.***48.2%51.5%
9k.It is important to review an HIV-positive patient’s diagnostic lab values, platelet, and neutrophil count before providing invasive treatment.***96.4%97.7%
10k.A patient’s health, in general, is improving when his or her CD4 count is decreased and viral load is increased.***95.4%93.8%
11k.According to the CDC, women of color represent the majority of new HIV infections and AIDS cases among women in the United States.****49.8%69.5%
12k.Protease inhibitors prevent cells from creating new HIV virus by blocking the attachment of HIV to the healthy cell.***31.1%31.1%
13k.Thrush is an HIV-related opportunistic infection.****83.6%92.1%
Mean knowledge score for all participants**** 95% Confidence Interval (0.30, 0.65)9.309.78
  • * p=0.01 to <0.05;

  • ** p=0.05 to <0.10;

  • *** p≥0.10;

  • **** p<0.01