Table 1

Descriptive statistics (median, interquartile range) and results of Kolmogorov-Smirnov analysis (D, degrees of freedom, significance) of group discussion variables-indicators and learning outcome

VariableIndicatorMedianIQ RangeKolmogorov-Smirnov
DdfSig.
Group dynamics# posts in discussion14.406.110.15200<0.001*
# views88.0043.800.12200<0.001*
Individual student contributions# individual student posts2.000.900.13200<0.001*
# introduced new elements1.600.800.11200<0.001*
# questions0.200.400.20200<0.001*
# reactions0.450.600.14200<0.001*
Supervision# posts2.331.500.16200<0.001*
# questions1.000.700.20200<0.001*
Learning outcome: end course exam score (max=20)13.335.000.11200<0.001*
  • * Non-normal distribution

  • #=total number; IQ=interquartile