Table 2

Spearman’s correlation coefficient (Spearman’s ρ) and significance between group discussion variables-indicators and learning outcome

VariableIndicatorLearning Outcome
ρSig. (1-tailed)
Group dynamics# posts in discussion0.050.207
# views0.050.217
Individual student contributions# individual student posts0.19*0.001
# introduced new elements0.21*<0.001
# questions0.070.153
# reactions0.14*0.016
Supervision# posts0.20*0.001
# questions0.12*0.034
  • * Significant correlation (0.05 level)

  • #=total number