Table 1

ASEAN competencies approved and announced by ASEAN Joint Coordinating Committee on Dental Practitioners on January 31, 2017

Competency StatementTheme
1. Demonstrate ethical and professional behaviors that are in accordance with the local codes of conduct for dental professionals.Ethics, Laws, and Professionalism
2. Provide dental care in compliance with the principles of ethics and jurisprudence.
3. Recognize patients’ rights, demonstrate appropriate care, and respect patients and colleagues without discrimination.
4. Practice within one’s competence and know when to consult and/or refer.
5. Communicate effectively with patients and their caregivers, colleagues, and the public.Communication, Interpersonal, and Social Skills
6. Critically evaluate and apply best up-to-date research evidence in managing oral health.Critical Thinking, Evidence-Based Dentistry, and Information/Technological Literacy
7. Apply knowledge of the scientific basis of dentistry, including the relevant biomedical and psychosocial sciences, to the practice of dentistry in compliance with the correct academic principles.Biomedical and Psychosocial Sciences Knowledge
8. Display commitment to lifelong learning for professional development and maintain high-quality care for patients and the community.Critical Thinking, Evidence-Based Dentistry, and Information/Technological Literacy
9. Lead and/or participate with dental and/or other health care team in dental and general health promotion.Leadership and Teamwork
10. Manage and maintain a safe working environment including patient safety and effective cross infection control.Practice Administration and Patient Management
11. Organize and manage dental practice office/clinic.
12. Identify patient’s chief complaints and obtain complete medical, dental, and psychosocial history.Assessment, Diagnosis, and Treatment Planning
13. Perform appropriate clinical examination, necessary diagnostic tests, and radiographic examination/investigation.
14. Obtain and interpret all findings in order to arrive at an accurate diagnosis.
15. Formulate appropriate initial, differential, and final diagnoses based on interpretation of the clinical, laboratory, and radiographic findings.
16. Keep accurate, systematic, and current patient medical/dental records in compliance with international standards and local data protection regulation/legislation.
17. Formulate a comprehensive treatment and/or referral plan.
18. Apply a patient-centered approach to adjust treatment plans to suit patients’ needs and values according to standards of care.
19. Recognize and manage medical and dental emergencies and perform basic life support.Medicine and Medical Emergency
20. Manage patient’s pain and anxiety by using both pharmacological and non-pharmacological techniques.
21. Manage carious and non-carious lesions and provide treatment when indicated.Cariology and Restoration
22. Manage pulpal and periapical diseases and perform non-surgical root canal treatment on uncomplicated single- and multi-rooted teeth.Endodontology
23. Manage periodontal conditions and diseases and provide nonsurgical periodontal treatment when indicated.Periodontology
24. Manage oral surgery treatment needs and perform minor oral surgical procedures.Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
25. Recognize and manage common oral mucosal lesions.Oral Medicine
26. Manage patients with prosthodontic treatment needs and provide suitable removable and/or fixed prostheses.Prosthodontics
27. Manage patients with abnormal craniofacial anomalies and malocclusion.Orthodontics
28. Manage patients with masticatory disorders/diseases and/or orofacial pain.Masticatory System and Occlusion
29. Recognize and manage patients with special needs.Special Needs Patients
30. Recognize indication of patient suitable for implant treatment and its complications and make appropriate referral.Multidisciplinary Topics
31. Monitor and evaluate treatment outcomes and provide additional action as necessary.Treatment Outcome Evaluation
32. Use the concepts of holistic health care, health promotion, disease prevention, and public health management to educate and promote oral health of the individuals and the community, and be able to evaluate results.Oral Health Prevention and Promotion/Community Dentistry
33. Recognize the oral health status and importance of the health service systems in a culturally diverse society.Health Care System
  • Note: These competencies refer to general dental practice and include management of patients of all ages including those with special needs (e.g., patients who are physically and/or intellectually challenged or who may have complex medical conditions that may make oral health care more complex).

  • Glossary of Key Words

    • “Recognize” means to perceive and identify, to realize and be able to identify the impact of an apparent patient management issue or incident.

    • “Manage” means being able to evaluate patients’ and dentists’ circumstances, statuses, and conditions; provide an initial diagnosis; arrange for patients’ care and/or treatment, which can range from no intervention to obtaining advice from a physician and/or another dentist; make a referral; provide initial treatment; and provide competent treatment independently.

    • “Appropriate” refers to the level of practice that offers maximum benefit to patients with respect to their oral/general health condition, circumstances, and other determinants of oral/general health. Also refers to dentists’ clinical competence and expertise.

    • “Competence” is a combination of knowledge, skills, and professional and personal attributes of good dentists; also refers to an ability to work safely and independently (without direct supervision) in a real professional context.

    • “Professional competencies” (summarized in competency statements) refer to the abilities a new graduate dentist needs in order to practice as a general dentist.