Table 3

Comparison of U.S. responses to Brazil (BR), Bulgaria (BG), and India (IN) responses on selected survey items: p-values determined by chi-squared tests

ItemComparisonp-valueSignificance (p<0.05)
8US-BR0.07888Not significant
US-BG<0.00001Significant
US-IN<0.00001Significant
9US-BR0.06471Not significant
US-BG<0.00001Significant
US-IN<0.00001Significant
12US-BR<0.00001Significant
US-BG0.36616Not significant
US-IN<0.00001Significant
13US-BR<0.00001Significant
US-BG<0.00001Significant
US-IN<0.00001Significant
14US-BR<0.00001Significant
US-BG<0.00001Significant
US-IN<0.00001Significant
15US-BR<0.00001Significant
US-BG<0.00001Significant
US-IN<0.00001Significant
16US-BR0.01810Significant
US-BG0.19074Not significant
US-IN0.00002Significant
17US-BR0.94851Not significant
US-BG0.14538Not significant
US-IN<0.00001Significant
20US-BR0.06163Not significant
US-BG0.00139Significant
US-IN0.00005Significant
21US-BR0.79924Not significant
US-BG0.03526Significant
US-IN0.00027Significant
22US-BR<0.00001Significant
US-BG0.03742Significant
US-IN0.90019Not significant
23US-BR0.04456Significant
US-BG0.00017Significant
US-IN0.69733Not significant
24US-BR0.29076Not significant
US-BG0.00051Significant
US-IN<0.00001Significant
  • Note: According to school records, at the time of the study, women comprised a substantially lower percentage of total predoctoral dental students at the U.S. school (38.7%, 141/364) than at the other schools (Brazil 76.2%, 487/639; Bulgaria 67.8%, 288/425; India 57%, 377/661). See Table 1 for topic of each item.