Table 3

Student vs. faculty agreement that each item describing faculty behavior is uncivil behavior: mean (standard deviation) and p-value for each and total in each category

ItemStudents (n=201)Faculty (n=64)p-value
Classroom Behaviors (α=0.736)3.6 (0.5)3.7 (0.6)0.418
Canceling class without warning (not due to an emergency).3.4 (1.1)4.2 (2.7)<0.001*
Being unprepared for class.4.2 (0.7)4.3 (2.7)0.380
Arriving late for class.3.6 (0.9)4.0 (0.8)0.001*
Drinking, other than water, during class.2.4 (1.2)3.0 (1.3)0.002*
Answering a cell phone, other than for an emergency, during class.3.9 (0.9)4.4 (0.8)<0.001*
Texting, other than for an emergency, during class.3.9 (0.8)4.2 (1.0)0.004*
Leaving class early.2.7 (1.0)3.4 (1.0)<0.001*
Not allowing open discussion.3.7 (0.9)3.4 (1.1)0.051
Delivering fast-paced lectures.3.3 (1.0)2.9 (1.1)0.003*
Refusing to provide PowerPoint presentation prior to or after class.4.2 (0.9)2.7 (1.1)<0.001*
Not being available outside of class.4.2 (0.7)3.8 (1.0)0.005*
Clinic Behaviors (α=0.831)3.5 (0.7)3.5 (0.8)0.569
Using a computer for nonprofessional purposes during clinic.3.5 (1.0)3.4 (1.1)0.569
Eating during clinic.3.5 (1.0)3.7 (1.0)0.024*
Arriving late for clinic.4.0 (0.8)3.9 (0.9)0.295
Leaving clinic early.3.9 (0.9)3.8 (1.0)0.526
Drinking, other than water, during clinic.2.9 (1.1)3.2 (1.1)0.108
Answering a cell phone, other than for an emergency, during clinic.3.5 (1.0)3.3 (1.1)0.195
Texting, other than for an emergency, during clinic.3.4 (1.1)3.1 (1.1)0.044*
Reading newspaper/magazines during clinic.3.3 (1.0)3.5 (1.1)0.289
General Behaviors (α=0.701)3.7 (0.5)3.7 (0.4)0.685
Refusing to allow makeup exams, extensions, or grade changes.3.7 (1.0)2.8 (0.9)<0.001*
Deviating from the course syllabus and changing assignments or test dates.3.5 (1.1)2.7 (1.0)<0.001*
Being inflexible, rigid, and authoritarian.4.0 (0.9)3.5 (0.9)<0.001*
Punishing the entire class for one student’s misbehavior.4.6 (0.5)3.9 (0.8)<0.001*
Refusing or being reluctant to answer questions.4.4 (0.6)3.9 (0.9)<0.001*
Subjective grading.4.0 (0.9)2.8 (1.1)<0.001*
Ignoring disruptive student behaviors.3.8 (0.8)4.0 (0.7)0.059
Using profanity.3.4 (1.0)4.4 (0.8)<0.001*
Challenging another faculty member’s knowledge or credibility.3.8 (0.9)4.0 (0.9)0.070
Socializing after hours with a select group of students.2.6 (1.0)3.4 (1.1)<0.001*
Posting about work-related matters on social media.3.6 (1.0)4.3 (0.8)<0.001*
Being disinterested.4.0 (0.8)4.0 (1.0)0.746
Belittling or taunting students.4.7 (0.6)4.5 (0.8)0.035*
Including students in friends on social media.2.4 (0.9)3.4 (0.9)<0.001*
  • Note: Students and faculty members were asked to indicate their agreement that each item describing a potential faculty member’s behavior “is uncivil behavior.” Response options were 1=strongly disagree, 2=disagree, 3=neutral, 4=agree, and 5=strongly agree.

  • * Statistically significant difference (p<0.05)