Table 3.

Multivariable models for ten stress items based on longitudinal ordinal logistic regression

Stress ItemIndependent Variables†OR (95% CI)
†reference categories: females and first year
Amount of assigned classworkMales0.83 (0.41, 1.68)
2nd year1.13 (0.63, 2.01)
3rd year1.23 (0.67, 2.26)
4th year0.14 (0.07, 0.27)
5th year0.35 (0.19, 0.64)
Difficulty of classworkMales1.01 (0.55, 1.87)
2nd year1.53 (0.84, 2.78)
3rd year1.07 (0.60, 1.93)
4th year0.15 (0.08, 0.29)
5th year0.22 (0.11, 0.44)
Examinations and gradesMales0.41 (0.23, 0.74)
2nd year1.36 (0.77, 2.42)
3rd year2.67 (1.42, 5.02)
4th year0.86 (0.49, 1.51)
5th year1.31 (0.72, 2.40)
Difficulty in learning clinical procedures and protocolsMales0.77 (0.45, 1.32)
2nd year1.73 (0.75, 3.99)
3rd year0.97 (0.50, 1.90)
4th year0.89 (0.46, 1.73)
5th year0.43 (0.21, 0.89)
Lack of confidence in self to be a successful studentMales0.37 (0.20, 0.68)
2nd year2.80 (1.40, 5.58)
3rd year1.37 (0.83, 2.26)
4th year1.18 (0.70, 1.99)
5th year0.79 (0.42, 1.48)
Lack of confidence in self to be a successful dentistMales0.27 (0.14, 0.55)
2nd year2.47 (1.24, 4.93)
3rd year1.48 (0.85, 2.60)
4th year1.21 (0.70, 2.10)
5th year0.82 (0.46, 1.37)
Financial responsibilitiesMales0.53 (0.26, 1.10)
2nd year1.57 (0.78, 3.16)
3rd year1.31 (0.74, 2.30)
4th year1.28 (0.76, 2.16)
5th year1.35 (0.77, 2.38)
Lack of time to do assigned schoolworkMales0.38 (0.19, 0.73)
2nd year0.81 (0.43, 1.53)
3rd year0.86 (0.51, 1.45)
4th year0.93 (0.55, 1.59)
5th year0.73 (0.40, 1.33)
Fear of failing course or yearMales0.48 (0.24, 0.96)
2nd year1.16 (0.61, 2.21)
3rd year2.38 (1.37, 4.13)
4th year0.50 (0.29, 0.86)
5th year0.29 (0.15, 0.56)
Neglect of personal lifeMales1.12 (0.62, 2.04)
2nd year0.57 (0.30, 1.08)
3rd year1.04 (0.62, 1.73)
4th year2.13 (1.23, 3.70)
5th year1.39 (0.81, 2.37)